Abundance Codes


Distribution range deducted from map, not actual record.


Present, abundance not determined.


Within its range, varying from common to occasional


Rare, wandered outside of its normal range but still may be expected from time to time. Between 10 - 100 records.


Vagrant, accidental, species far out of its normal distribution range. >10 records.


Introduced species.


Not verified.




Extinct in country

Status of Permanence Codes


Resident, present  year around.


Nests in the area but absent during part of the year.


Migrant, non-breeding. May spend a short period or the entire winter.


Wintering; stays in the area, while its primary nesting range is elsewhere.


National endemic.


National bird.

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Lagopus lagopus Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus mutus Rock Ptarmigan
Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose
Branta bernicla Brent Goose
Anas penelope Eurasian Wigeon
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard or common Mallard
Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler
Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Anas crecca Common Teal
Aythya ferina Common Pochard
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck
Aythya marila Greater Scaup
Somateria mollissima Common Eider
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck
Melanitta nigra Black Scoter
Melanitta fusca White-winged Scoter
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser
Mergus merganser Common Merganser
Dryocopus martius Black Woodpecker
Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo
Cuculus saturatus Oriental Cuckoo
Rhaphidura sabini Sabine's Spinetail
Apus pacificus Fork-tailed Swift
Nyctea scandiaca Snowy Owl
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl
Streptopelia orientalis Oriental Turtle-Dove
Gallinago megala Swinhoe's Snipe
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank
Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper
Tringa cinerea Terek Sandpiper
Tringa hypoleucos Common Sandpiper
Calidris subminuta Long-toed Stint
Calidris alpina Dunlin
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope
Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover
Charadrius dubius Little Ringed Plover
Charadrius mongolus Mongolian Plover
Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic or Artic Jaeger
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger
Larus canus Mew Gull
Larus ridibundus Common Black-headed Gull
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake
Sterna hirundo Common Tern
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern
Synthliboramphus antiquus Ancient Murrelet
Cyclorrhynchus psittacula Parakeet Auklet
Fratercula corniculata Horned Puffin
Pandion haliaetus Osprey
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Eagle
Haliaeetus pelagicus Steller's Sea-Eagle
Circus cyaneus Northern / Hen Harrier
Accipiter nisus Eurasian Sparrowhawk
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Hawk
Falco tinnunculus Common or Eurasian Kestrel
Falco columbarius Merlin
Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon
Phalacrocorax urile Red-faced Cormorant
Phalacrocorax pelagicus Pelagic Cormorant
Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon
Gavia arctica Arctic Loon
Oceanodroma leucorhoa Leach's Storm-Petrel
Oceanodroma furcata Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel
Lanius isabellinus Rufous-tailed Shrike
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike
Corvus ruficollis Brown-necked Raven
Phainoptila melanoxantha Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher
Turdus bewsheri Comoro Thrush
Turdus ruficollis Dark-throated Thrush
Luscinia megarhynchos Common Nightingale
Luscinia cyane Siberian Blue Robin
Saxicola dacotiae Canary Islands Chat
Margarops fuscatus Pearly-eyed Thrasher
Parus lugubris Sombre Tit
Parus davidi Rusty-breasted Tit or Pere David's Tit
Parus cinerascens Ashy Tit
Hirundo concolor Dusky Crag-Martin
Hirundo fuliginosa Forest Swallow
Phylloscopus inornatus Inornate Warbler or Yellow-Browed Warbler
Passer simplex Desert Sparrow
Dendronanthus indicus Forest Wagtail
Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail
Anthus hodgsoni Olive-backed Pipit
Anthus pratensis Meadow Pipit
Anthus petrosus Rock Pipit
Prunella strophiata Rufous-breasted Accentor
Emberiza fucata Chestnut-eared Bunting
Emberiza chrysophrys Yellow-browed Bunting
Emberiza elegans Yellow-throated Bunting
Emberiza spodocephala Black-faced Bunting
Emberiza pallasi Pallas's Bunting
Calcarius mccownii McCown's Longspur
Calcarius ornatus Chestnut-collared Longspur