NATURE WORLDWIDE: BIRDS

WORLD INSTITUTE FOR CONSERVATION & ENVIRONMENT, WICE

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BIRDS OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

OISEAUX DE PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

  Abundance Codes

D

Distribution range deducted from map, not actual record.

P

Present, abundance not determined.

C

Within its range, varying from common to occasional

O

Rare, wandered outside of its normal range but still may be expected from time to time. Between 10 - 100 records.

V

Vagrant, accidental, species far out of its normal distribution range. >10 records.

I

Introduced species.

Q

Not verified.

X

Extinct.

XL

Extinct in country

Status of Permanence Codes

R

Resident, present  year around.

N

Nests in the area but absent during part of the year.

M

Migrant, non-breeding. May spend a short period or the entire winter.

W

Wintering; stays in the area, while its primary nesting range is elsewhere.

E

National endemic.

*

National bird.

How to safe and print a list

Prince Edward Island is home to an impressive number of species of birds that vary from residents, that stay all year around, to breeding birds, that spend a good part of the growing season in Prince Edward Island to raise their young, migrants who pass through Prince Edward Island with the seasons, to wintering birds who like to spend a good part of the winter in Prince Edward Island to escape colder conditions up north. While many species of birds are relatively common as they are part of the ecosystems of the province, it is always a thrill to stumble upon a rare bird or vagrant, that does not really form part of any the Prince Edward Island ecosystems. Maybe it got lost during its travels between its summer and winter residence or it got displaced by bad weather.

Among the species of the checklist of the birds of Prince Edward Island you can find  waterfowl and wading birds, a large suite of songbirds, raptors, game birds, swifts and nighthawks, etc., many of which occupy several ecosystems simultaneously, as they fly to and from forests, meadows, shorelines of waters, cities and and urban green spaces. At Birdlist, we have developed a coding system that can help you predict when you may expect a certain species, with a code for seasonality, such as resident, nesting, wintering, etc. A code for abundance will give you a clue on the likelihood that you may actually see a certain species of bird. As we progressed with the coding, we realized that there should be a differentiation in the coding for "common", such as less common, common and very common birds. However, this would require reliable quantative data, which for most provinces, are not revealed by the commission of bird records. We hope to provide those in the future. In the meantime, enjoy the current checklist of the birds of Prince Edward Island.

 

CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

OISEAUX DE PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Species full name

Birds

Oiseaux

CPE

Phasianus colchicus

Common Pheasant

Faisan de Colchide

CRI

Bonasa umbellus

Ruffed Grouse

Gélinotte huppée

CR

Oxyura jamaicensis

Ruddy Duck

Érismature rousse

V

Branta canadensis

Canada Goose

Bernache du Canada

M

Aix sponsa

Wood Duck

Canard branchu

V

Anas strepera

Gadwall

Canard chipeau

O

Anas americana

American Wigeon

Canard d'Amérique

M

Anas rubripes

American Black Duck

Canard noir

M

Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard

Canard colvert

M

Anas discors

Blue-winged Teal

Sarcelle à ailes bleues

M

Anas acuta

Northern Pintail

Canard pilet

O

Anas crecca

Common Teal

Sarcelle d'hiver

M

Aythya collaris

Ring-necked Duck

Fuligule à collier

M

Aythya marila

Greater Scaup

Fuligule milouinan

O

Aythya affinis

Lesser Scaup

Petit Fuligule

V

Histrionicus histrionicus

Harlequin Duck

Arlequin plongeur

O

Clangula hyemalis

Long-tailed Duck

Harelde kakawi

O

Melanitta nigra

Black Scoter

Macreuse noire

O

Melanitta perspicillata

Surf Scoter

Macreuse à front blanc

O

Melanitta fusca

White-winged Scoter

Macreuse à ailes blanches

V

Bucephala islandica

Barrow's Goldeneye

Garrot d'Islande

O

Bucephala albeola

Bufflehead

Petit Garrot

V

Lophodytes cucullatus

Hooded Merganser

Harle couronné

V

Mergus serrator

Red-breasted Merganser

Harle huppé

M

Mergus merganser

Common Merganser

Grand Harle

M

Sphyrapicus varius

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Pic maculé

O

Picoides pubescens

Downy Woodpecker

Pic mineur

C

Picoides villosus

Hairy Woodpecker

Pic chevelu

M

Colaptes auratus

Northern Flicker

Pic flamboyant

C

Dryocopus pileatus

Pileated Woodpecker

Grand Pic

V

Megaceryle alcyon

Belted Kingfisher

Martin-pêcheur d'Amérique

M

Coccyzus americanus

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coulicou à bec jaune

V

Archilochus colubris

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Colibri à gorge rubis

M

Bubo virginianus

Great Horned Owl

Grand-duc d'Amérique

O

Strix varia

Barred Owl

Chouette rayée

V

Surnia ulula

Northern Hawk Owl

Chouette épervière

V

Aegolius acadicus

Saw-whet Owl

Petite Nyctale

V

Asio flammeus

Short-eared Owl

Hibou des marais

V

Columba livia

Rock Dove

Pigeon biset

C

Zenaida macroura

Mourning Dove

Tourterelle triste

C

Rallus limicola

Virginia Rail

Râle de Virginie

V

Porzana carolina

Sora

Marouette de Caroline

V

Gallinula chloropus

Common Moorhen

Gallinule poule-d'eau

V

Gallinago gallinago

Common Snipe

Bécassine des marais

V

Tringa melanoleuca

Greater Yellowlegs

Grand Chevalier

M

Tringa flavipes

Lesser Yellowlegs

Petit Chevalier

M

Tringa solitaria

Solitary Sandpiper

Chevalier solitaire

V

Actitis macularia

Spotted Sandpiper

Chevalier grivelé

O

Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Willet

Chevalier semipalmé

W

Arenaria interpres

Ruddy Turnstone

Tournepierre à collier

O

Limnodromus griseus

Short-billed Dowitcher

Bécassin roux

V

Calidris alba

Sanderling

Bécasseau sanderling

W

Calidris pusilla

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Bécasseau semipalmé

M

Calidris minutilla

Least Sandpiper

Bécasseau minuscule

O

Calidris fuscicollis

White-rumped Sandpiper

Bécasseau à croupion blanc

V

Calidris melanotos

Pectoral Sandpiper

Bécasseau à poitrine cendrée

V

Calidris maritima

Purple Sandpiper

Bécasseau violet

V

Calidris alpina

Dunlin

Bécasseau variable

V

Calidris himantopus

Stilt Sandpiper

Bécasseau à échasses

V

Phalaropus lobatus

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalarope à bec étroit

V

Pluvialis dominica

American Golden-Plover

Pluvier bronzé

V

Pluvialis squatarola

Grey Plover

Pluvier argenté

O

Charadrius semipalmatus

Semipalmated Plover

Pluvier semipalmé

O

Charadrius vociferus

Killdeer

Pluvier kildir

M

Charadrius melodus

Piping Plover

Pluvier siffleur

O

Stercorarius parasiticus

Parasitic Jaeger

Labbe parasite

V

Larus delawarensis

Ring-billed Gull

Goéland à bec cerclé

M

Larus marinus

Great Black-backed Gull

Goéland marin

C

Larus livens

Yellow-footed Gull

Goéland de Cortez

V

Larus hyperboreus

Glaucous Gull

Goéland bourgmestre

V

Larus glaucoides

Iceland Gull

Goéland arctique

M

Larus argentatus

Herring Gull

Goéland argenté

C

Larus fuscus

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Goéland brun

O

Larus ridibundus

Black-headed Gull

Mouette rieuse

V

Larus philadelphia

Bonaparte's Gull

Mouette de Bonaparte

M

Sterna caspia

Caspian Tern

Sterne caspienne

O

Sterna hirundo

Common Tern

Sterne pierregarin

M

Sterna paradisaea

Arctic Tern

Sterne arctique

V

Cepphus grylle

Black Guillemot

Guillemot à miroir

O

Fratercula arctica

Atlantic Puffin

Macareux moine

V

Pandion haliaetus

Osprey

Balbuzard pêcheur

M

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Bald Eagle

Pygargue à tête blanche

M

Circus cyaneus

Northern Harrier

Busard Saint-Martin

M

Accipiter striatus

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Épervier brun

M

Accipiter gentilis

Northern Goshawk

Autour des palombes

V

Buteo platypterus

Broad-winged Hawk

Petite Buse

V

Buteo jamaicensis

Red-tailed Hawk

Buse à queue rousse

M

Buteo lagopus

Rough-legged Hawk

Buse pattue

V

Aquila chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Aigle royal

V

Falco sparverius

American Kestrel

Crécerelle d'Amérique

M

Falco columbarius

Merlin

Faucon émerillon

M

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon

Faucon pèlerin

V

Podilymbus podiceps

Pied-billed Grebe

Grèbe à bec bigarré

O

Podiceps grisegena

Red-necked Grebe

Grèbe jougris

V

Podiceps auritus

Horned Grebe

Grèbe esclavon

V

Morus bassanus

Northern Gannet

Fou de Bassan

M

Phalacrocorax auritus

Double-crested Cormorant

Cormoran à aigrettes

M

Phalacrocorax carbo

Great Cormorant

Grand Cormoran

M

Egretta thula

Snowy Egret

Aigrette neigeuse

V

Ardea herodias

Great Blue Heron

Grand Héron

M

Bubulcus ibis

Cattle Egret

Héron garde-boeufs

V

Butorides virescens

Green Heron

Héron vert

V

Cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture

Urubu à tête rouge

V

Gavia stellata

Red-throated Loon

Plongeon catmarin

O

Gavia immer

Common Loon

Plongeon huard

O

Contopus virens

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Pioui de l'Est

V

Empidonax alnorum

Alder Flycatcher

Moucherolle des aulnes

O

Empidonax minimus

Least Flycatcher

Moucherolle tchébec

V

Tyrannus tyrannus

Eastern Kingbird

Tyran tritri

O

Lanius excubitor

Northern Shrike

Pie-grièche grise

V

Vireo solitarius

Blue-headed Vireo

Viréo à tête bleue

V

Vireo olivaceus

Red-eyed Vireo

Viréo aux yeux rouges

W

Cyanocitta cristata

Blue Jay

Geai bleu

R

Perisoreus canadensis

Grey Jay

Mésangeai du Canada

V

Corvus brachyrhynchos

American Crow

Corneille d'Amérique

R

Corvus corax

Common Raven

Grand Corbeau

C

Bombycilla garrulus

Bohemian Waxwing

Jaseur boréal

M

Bombycilla cedrorum

Cedar Waxwing

Jaseur d'Amérique

M

Catharus ustulatus

Swainson's Thrush

Grive à dos olive

V

Catharus guttatus

Hermit Thrush

Grive solitaire

V

Turdus migratorius

American Robin

Merle d'Amérique

C

Sturnus vulgaris

Common Starling

Étourneau sansonnet

C

Sitta canadensis

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sittelle à poitrine rousse

C

Sitta carolinensis

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sittelle à poitrine blanche

V

Certhia americana

Brown Creeper

Grimpereau brun

V

Troglodytes troglodytes

Winter Wren

Troglodyte mignon

V

Poecile atricapillus

Black-capped Chickadee

Mésange à tête noire

C

Poecile hudsonicus

Boreal Chickadee

Mésange à tête brune

M

Tachycineta bicolor

Tree Swallow

Hirondelle bicolore

O

Riparia riparia

Sand Martin

Hirondelle de rivage

O

Hirundo rustica

Barn Swallow

Hirondelle rustique

M

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Cliff Swallow

Hirondelle à front blanc

V

Regulus calendula

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Roitelet à couronne rubis

O

Regulus satrapa

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Roitelet à couronne dorée

M

Eremophila alpestris

Horned Lark

Alouette hausse-col

V

Passer domesticus

House Sparrow

Moineau domestique

C

Carduelis pinus

Pine Siskin

Tarin des pins

M

Carduelis tristis

American Goldfinch

Chardonneret jaune

C

Carduelis flammea

Common Redpoll

Sizerin flammé

M

Carpodacus purpureus

Purple Finch

Roselin pourpré

M

Carpodacus mexicanus

House Finch

Roselin familier

V

Pinicola enucleator

Pine Grosbeak

Durbec des sapins

V

Loxia curvirostra

Red Crossbill

Bec-croisé des sapins

V

Loxia leucoptera

White-winged Crossbill

Bec-croisé bifascié

O

Hesperiphona vespertina

Evening Grosbeak

Gros-bec errant

M

Plectrophenax nivalis

Snow Bunting

Bruant des neiges

M

Passerella iliaca

Fox Sparrow

Bruant fauve

O

Melospiza melodia

Song Sparrow

Bruant chanteur

R

Melospiza lincolnii

Lincoln's Sparrow

Bruant de Lincoln

V

Melospiza georgiana

Swamp Sparrow

Bruant des marais

M

Zonotrichia albicollis

White-throated Sparrow

Bruant à gorge blanche

M

Zonotrichia leucophrys

White-crowned Sparrow

Bruant à couronne blanche

O

Junco hyemalis

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco ardoisé

R

Passerculus sandwichensis

Savannah Sparrow

Bruant des prés

M

Spizella arborea

American Tree Sparrow

Bruant hudsonien

M

Spizella passerina

Chipping Sparrow

Bruant familier

M

Spizella pallida

Clay-colored Sparrow

Bruant des plaines

V

Spizella pusilla

Field Sparrow

Bruant des champs

V

Vermivora peregrina

Tennessee Warbler

Paruline obscure

V

Vermivora ruficapilla

Nashville Warbler

Paruline à joues grises

V

Parula americana

Northern Parula

Paruline à collier

O

Dendroica petechia

Yellow Warbler

Paruline jaune

W

Dendroica pensylvanica

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Paruline à flancs marron

V

Dendroica magnolia

Magnolia Warbler

Paruline à tête cendrée

O

Dendroica caerulescens

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Paruline bleue

V

Dendroica coronata

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Paruline à croupion jaune

M

Dendroica virens

Black-throated Green Warbler

Paruline à gorge noire

O

Dendroica fusca

Blackburnian Warbler

Paruline à gorge orangée

V

Dendroica graciae

Grace's Warbler

Paruline de Grace

V

Dendroica striata

Blackpoll Warbler

Paruline rayée

V

Mniotilta varia

Black-and-white Warbler

Paruline noir et blanc

O

Setophaga ruticilla

American Redstart

Paruline flamboyante

W

Seiurus aurocapillus

Ovenbird

Paruline couronnée

O

Seiurus noveboracensis

Northern Waterthrush

Paruline des ruisseaux

V

Oporornis philadelphia

Mourning Warbler

Paruline triste

V

Geothlypis trichas

Common Yellowthroat

Paruline masquée

M

Wilsonia pusilla

Wilson's Warbler

Paruline à calotte noire

V

Wilsonia canadensis

Canada Warbler

Paruline du Canada

O

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Cardinal à poitrine rose

O

Cardinalis cardinalis

Northern Cardinal

Cardinal rouge

M

Passerina cyanea

Indigo Bunting

Passerin indigo

V

Icterus galbula

Baltimore Oriole

Oriole du Nord

V

Agelaius phoeniceus

Red-winged Blackbird

Carouge à épaulettes

N

Quiscalus quiscula

Common Grackle

Quiscale bronzé

M

Molothrus ater

Brown-headed Cowbird

Vacher à tête brune

M

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Bobolink

Goglu des prés

W

Ardea alba

Great Egret

Grande Aigrette

V

Contopus cooperi

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Moucherolle à côtés olive

V

 

Birds of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, a checklist of the birds of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND. Oiseaux de PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND. The information from BIRDLIST is based on research from from literature, the official national checklists of the birds, information from birdwatchers and extrapolation of our own data. On this checklist of the birds of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND the presence and abundance of each bird is coded with our standardized system.