NATURE WORLDWIDE: BIRDS

WORLD INSTITUTE FOR CONSERVATION & ENVIRONMENT, WICE

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BIRDS OF QUEBEC, CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF QUEBEC

OISEAUX DE QUEBEC

  Abundance Codes

D

Distribution range deducted from map, not actual record.

P

Present, abundance not determined.

C

Within its range, varying from common to occasional

O

Rare, wandered outside of its normal range but still may be expected from time to time. Between 10 - 100 records.

V

Vagrant, accidental, species far out of its normal distribution range. >10 records.

I

Introduced species.

Q

Not verified.

X

Extinct.

XL

Extinct in country

Status of Permanence Codes

R

Resident, present  year around.

N

Nests in the area but absent during part of the year.

M

Migrant, non-breeding. May spend a short period or the entire winter.

W

Wintering; stays in the area, while its primary nesting range is elsewhere.

E

National endemic.

*

National bird.

How to safe and print a list

Quebec is home to an impressive number of species of birds that vary from residents, that stay all year around, to breeding birds, that spend a good part of the growing season in Quebec to raise their young, migrants who pass through Quebec with the seasons, to wintering birds who like to spend a good part of the winter in Quebec to escape colder conditions up north. While many species of birds are relatively common as they are part of the ecosystems of the province, it is always a thrill to stumble upon a rare bird or vagrant, that does not really form part of any the Quebec ecosystems. Maybe it got lost during its travels between its summer and winter residence or it got displaced by bad weather.

Among the species of the checklist of the birds of Quebec you can find  waterfowl and wading birds, a large suite of songbirds, raptors, game birds, swifts and nighthawks, etc., many of which occupy several ecosystems simultaneously, as they fly to and from forests, meadows, shorelines of waters, cities and and urban green spaces. At Birdlist, we have developed a coding system that can help you predict when you may expect a certain species, with a code for seasonality, such as resident, nesting, wintering, etc. A code for abundance will give you a clue on the likelihood that you may actually see a certain species of bird. As we progressed with the coding, we realized that there should be a differentiation in the coding for "common", such as less common, common and very common birds. However, this would require reliable quantative data, which for most provinces, are not revealed by the commission of bird records. We hope to provide those in the future. In the meantime, enjoy the current checklist of the birds of Quebec.

 

CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF QUEBEC

OISEAUX DE QUEBEC

Perdix perdix

Grey Partridge

Perdrix grise

M

Bonasa umbellus

Ruffed Grouse

Gélinotte huppée

CR

Tympanuchus phasianellus

Sharp-tailed Grouse

Tétras à queue fine

V

Meleagris gallopavo

Wild Turkey

Dindon sauvage

CR

Oxyura jamaicensis

Ruddy Duck

Érismature rousse

M

Anser brachyrhynchus

Pink-footed Goose

Oie à bec court

V

Anser albifrons

Greater White-fronted Goose

Oie rieuse

M

Anser caerulescens

Snow Goose

Oie des neiges

C

Chen rossii

Ross's Goose

Oie de Ross

O

Branta canadensis

Canada Goose

Bernache du Canada

R

Branta bernicla

Brent Goose

Bernache cravant

M

Aix sponsa

Wood Duck

Canard branchu

M

Anas strepera

Gadwall

Canard chipeau

M

Anas penelope

Eurasian Wigeon

Canard siffleur

O

Anas americana

American Wigeon

Canard d'Amérique

M

Anas rubripes

American Black Duck

Canard noir

C

Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard

Canard colvert

R

Anas discors

Blue-winged Teal

Sarcelle à ailes bleues

M

Anas clypeata

Northern Shoveler

Canard souchet

M

Anas acuta

Northern Pintail

Canard pilet

C

Anas crecca

Common Teal

Sarcelle d'hiver

M

Aythya americana

Redhead

Fuligule à tête rouge

M

Aythya collaris

Ring-necked Duck

Fuligule à collier

M

Aythya marila

Greater Scaup

Fuligule milouinan

M

Aythya affinis

Lesser Scaup

Petit Fuligule

M

Somateria spectabilis

King Eider

Eider à tête grise

M

Histrionicus histrionicus

Harlequin Duck

Arlequin plongeur

M

Clangula hyemalis

Long-tailed Duck

Harelde kakawi

M

Melanitta nigra

Black Scoter

Macreuse noire

M

Melanitta perspicillata

Surf Scoter

Macreuse à front blanc

M

Melanitta fusca

White-winged Scoter

Macreuse à ailes blanches

M

Bucephala islandica

Barrow's Goldeneye

Garrot d'Islande

M

Bucephala albeola

Bufflehead

Petit Garrot

M

Lophodytes cucullatus

Hooded Merganser

Harle couronné

C

Mergus serrator

Red-breasted Merganser

Harle huppé

C

Mergus merganser

Common Merganser

Grand Harle

R

Melanerpes carolinus

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Pic à ventre roux

M

Sphyrapicus varius

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Pic maculé

N

Picoides pubescens

Downy Woodpecker

Pic mineur

R

Picoides villosus

Hairy Woodpecker

Pic chevelu

R

Picoides arcticus

Black-backed Woodpecker

Pic à dos noir

M

Colaptes auratus

Northern Flicker

Pic flamboyant

C

Dryocopus pileatus

Pileated Woodpecker

Grand Pic

R

Megaceryle alcyon

Belted Kingfisher

Martin-pêcheur d'Amérique

M

Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Black-billed Cuckoo

Coulicou à bec noir

M

Coccyzus americanus

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coulicou à bec jaune

V

Chaetura pelagica

Chimney Swift

Martinet ramoneur

N

Archilochus colubris

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Colibri à gorge rubis

N

Calypte anna

Anna's Hummingbird

Colibri d'Anna

V

Tyto alba

Barn Owl

Effraie des clochers

V

Otus asio

Eastern Screech-Owl

Petit-duc maculé

M

Bubo virginianus

Great Horned Owl

Grand-duc d'Amérique

C

Nyctea scandiaca

Snowy Owl

Harfang des neiges

M

Strix varia

Barred Owl

Chouette rayée

M

Surnia ulula

Northern Hawk Owl

Chouette épervière

M

Aegolius funereus

Boreal Owl

Nyctale de Tengmalm

M

Aegolius acadicus

Saw-whet Owl

Petite Nyctale

M

Asio otus

Long-eared Owl

Hibou moyen-duc

M

Asio flammeus

Short-eared Owl

Hibou des marais

M

Chordeiles minor

Common Nighthawk

Sykes's Warbler

W

Caprimulgus vociferus

Whip-poor-will

Engoulevent bois-pourri

O

Columba livia

Rock Dove

Pigeon biset

R

Zenaida macroura

Mourning Dove

Tourterelle triste

R

Grus canadensis

Sandhill Crane

Grue du Canada

W

Coturnicops noveboracensis

Yellow Rail

Râle jaune

V

Rallus limicola

Virginia Rail

Râle de Virginie

M

Porzana carolina

Sora

Marouette de Caroline

M

Gallinula chloropus

Common Moorhen

Gallinule poule-d'eau

M

Fulica americana

American Coot

Foulque d'Amérique

M

Scolopax minor

American Woodcock

Bécasse d'Amérique

M

Gallinago gallinago

Common Snipe

Bécassine des marais

M

Limosa haemastica

Hudsonian Godwit

Barge hudsonienne

O

Numenius phaeopus

Whimbrel

Courlis corlieu

M

Bartramia longicauda

Upland Sandpiper

Maubèche des champs

V

Tringa melanoleuca

Greater Yellowlegs

Grand Chevalier

M

Tringa flavipes

Lesser Yellowlegs

Petit Chevalier

M

Tringa solitaria

Solitary Sandpiper

Chevalier solitaire

M

Actitis macularia

Spotted Sandpiper

Chevalier grivelé

M

Arenaria interpres

Ruddy Turnstone

Tournepierre à collier

M

Limnodromus griseus

Short-billed Dowitcher

Bécassin roux

M

Limnodromus scolopaceus

Long-billed Dowitcher

Bécassin à long bec

O

Calidris canutus

Red Knot

Bécasseau maubèche

O

Calidris alba

Sanderling

Bécasseau sanderling

M

Calidris pusilla

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Bécasseau semipalmé

M

Calidris mauri

Western Sandpiper

Bécasseau d'Alaska

V

Calidris minutilla

Least Sandpiper

Bécasseau minuscule

M

Calidris fuscicollis

White-rumped Sandpiper

Bécasseau à croupion blanc

M

Calidris bairdii

Baird's Sandpiper

Bécasseau de Baird

O

Calidris melanotos

Pectoral Sandpiper

Bécasseau à poitrine cendrée

M

Calidris maritima

Purple Sandpiper

Bécasseau violet

O

Calidris alpina

Dunlin

Bécasseau variable

M

Calidris himantopus

Stilt Sandpiper

Bécasseau à échasses

M

Tryngites subruficollis

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Bécasseau roussâtre

V

Philomachus pugnax

Ruff

Combattant varié

V

Phalaropus lobatus

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalarope à bec étroit

M

Phalaropus fulicaria

Red Phalarope

Phalarope à bec large

O

Pluvialis dominica

American Golden-Plover

Pluvier bronzé

M

Pluvialis squatarola

Grey Plover

Pluvier argenté

M

Charadrius hiaticula

Common Ringed Plover

Pluvier grand-gravelot

V

Charadrius semipalmatus

Semipalmated Plover

Pluvier semipalmé

M

Charadrius vociferus

Killdeer

Pluvier kildir

N

Stercorarius pomarinus

Pomarine Jaeger

Labbe pomarin

V

Stercorarius parasiticus

Parasitic Jaeger

Labbe parasite

M

Stercorarius longicaudus

Long-tailed Jaeger

Labbe à longue queue

V

Larus delawarensis

Ring-billed Gull

Goéland à bec cerclé

R

Larus marinus

Great Black-backed Gull

Goéland marin

R

Larus livens

Yellow-footed Gull

Goéland de Cortez

M

Larus hyperboreus

Glaucous Gull

Goéland bourgmestre

M

Larus glaucoides

Iceland Gull

Goéland arctique

M

Larus argentatus

Herring Gull

Goéland argenté

C

Larus fuscus

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Goéland brun

O

Larus ridibundus

Black-headed Gull

Mouette rieuse

V

Larus philadelphia

Bonaparte's Gull

Mouette de Bonaparte

M

Larus pipixcan

Franklin's Gull

Mouette de Franklin

V

Larus minutus

Little Gull

Mouette pygmée

M

Xema sabini

Sabine's Gull

Mouette de Sabine

V

Sterna caspia

Caspian Tern

Sterne caspienne

O

Sterna hirundo

Common Tern

Sterne pierregarin

M

Sterna paradisaea

Arctic Tern

Sterne arctique

M

Chlidonias niger

Black Tern

Guifette noire

M

Alle alle

Dovekie

Mergule nain

V

Uria aalge

Common Murre

Guillemot marmette

M

Uria lomvia

Thick-billed Murre

Guillemot de Brünnich

O

Alca torda

Razorbill

Petit Pingouin

M

Cepphus grylle

Black Guillemot

Guillemot à miroir

M

Fratercula arctica

Atlantic Puffin

Macareux moine

M

Pandion haliaetus

Osprey

Balbuzard pêcheur

M

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Bald Eagle

Pygargue à tête blanche

C

Circus cyaneus

Northern Harrier

Busard Saint-Martin

C

Accipiter striatus

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Épervier brun

R

Accipiter cooperii

Cooper's Hawk

Épervier de Cooper

R

Accipiter gentilis

Northern Goshawk

Autour des palombes

M

Buteo lineatus

Red-shouldered Hawk

Buse à épaulettes

M

Buteo platypterus

Broad-winged Hawk

Petite Buse

M

Buteo jamaicensis

Red-tailed Hawk

Buse à queue rousse

R

Buteo lagopus

Rough-legged Hawk

Buse pattue

M

Aquila chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Aigle royal

M

Falco sparverius

American Kestrel

Crécerelle d'Amérique

C

Falco columbarius

Merlin

Faucon émerillon

C

Falco rusticolus

Gyrfalcon

Faucon gerfaut

M

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon

Faucon pèlerin

C

Podilymbus podiceps

Pied-billed Grebe

Grèbe à bec bigarré

M

Podiceps grisegena

Red-necked Grebe

Grèbe jougris

M

Podiceps auritus

Horned Grebe

Grèbe esclavon

M

Morus bassanus

Northern Gannet

Fou de Bassan

M

Phalacrocorax auritus

Double-crested Cormorant

Cormoran à aigrettes

M

Phalacrocorax carbo

Great Cormorant

Grand Cormoran

M

Egretta tricolor

Tricolored Heron

Aigrette tricolore

V

Egretta caerulea

Little Blue Heron

Aigrette bleue

V

Egretta thula

Snowy Egret

Aigrette neigeuse

V

Ardea herodias

Great Blue Heron

Grand Héron

M

Bubulcus ibis

Cattle Egret

Héron garde-boeufs

V

Butorides virescens

Green Heron

Héron vert

N

Nycticorax nycticorax

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Bihoreau gris

M

Ixobrychus exilis

Least Bittern

Petit Blongios

M

Botaurus lentiginosus

American Bittern

Butor d'Amérique

M

Plegadis falcinellus

Glossy Ibis

Ibis falcinelle

V

Cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture

Urubu à tête rouge

M

Gavia stellata

Red-throated Loon

Plongeon catmarin

M

Gavia pacifica

Pacific Loon

Plongeon du Pacifique

V

Gavia immer

Common Loon

Plongeon huard

M

Fulmarus glacialis

Northern Fulmar

Fulmar boréal

V

Puffinus gravis

Great Shearwater

Puffin majeur

V

Puffinus lherminieri

Audubon's Shearwater

Puffin d'Audubon

V

Oceanites oceanicus

Wilson's Storm-Petrel

Océanite de Wilson

V

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Leach's Storm-Petrel

Océanite cul-blanc

O

Contopus virens

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Pioui de l'Est

N

Empidonax flaviventris

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Moucherolle à ventre jaune

M

Empidonax alnorum

Alder Flycatcher

Moucherolle des aulnes

N

Empidonax minimus

Least Flycatcher

Moucherolle tchébec

N

Sayornis phoebe

Eastern Phoebe

Moucherolle phébi

M

Myiarchus crinitus

Great Crested Flycatcher

Tyran huppé

N

Tyrannus savana

Fork-tailed Flycatcher

Tyran des savanes

V

Tyrannus tyrannus

Eastern Kingbird

Tyran tritri

N

Lanius ludovicianus

Loggerhead Shrike

Pie-grièche migratrice

V

Lanius excubitor

Northern Shrike

Pie-grièche grise

M

Vireo solitarius

Blue-headed Vireo

Viréo à tête bleue

M

Vireo philadelphicus

Philadelphia Vireo

Viréo de Philadelphie

M

Vireo olivaceus

Red-eyed Vireo

Viréo aux yeux rouges

M

Vireo gilvus

Eastern Warbling-Vireo

Viréo mélodieux

N

Cyanocitta cristata

Blue Jay

Geai bleu

R

Perisoreus canadensis

Grey Jay

Mésangeai du Canada

M

Corvus brachyrhynchos

American Crow

Corneille d'Amérique

R

Corvus corax

Common Raven

Grand Corbeau

R

Bombycilla garrulus

Bohemian Waxwing

Jaseur boréal

M

Bombycilla cedrorum

Cedar Waxwing

Jaseur d'Amérique

R

Zoothera naevia

Varied Thrush

Grive à collier

V

Sialia sialis

Eastern Bluebird

Merlebleu de l'Est

M

Myadestes townsendi

Townsend's Solitaire

Solitaire de Townsend

V

Catharus fuscescens

Veery

Grive fauve

M

Catharus minimus

Grey-cheeked Thrush

Grive à joues grises

O

Catharus ustulatus

Swainson's Thrush

Grive à dos olive

M

Catharus guttatus

Hermit Thrush

Grive solitaire

M

Hylocichla mustelina

Wood Thrush

Grive des bois

M

Turdus migratorius

American Robin

Merle d'Amérique

R

Sturnus vulgaris

Common Starling

Étourneau sansonnet

R

Dumetella carolinensis

Grey Catbird

Moqueur chat

N

Mimus polyglottos

Northern Mockingbird

Moqueur polyglotte

M

Toxostoma rufum

Brown Thrasher

Moqueur roux

M

Sitta canadensis

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sittelle à poitrine rousse

R

Sitta carolinensis

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sittelle à poitrine blanche

R

Certhia americana

Brown Creeper

Grimpereau brun

C

Cistothorus platensis

Sedge Wren

Troglodyte à bec court

V

Cistothorus palustris

Marsh Wren

Troglodyte des marais

N

Thryothorus ludovicianus

Carolina Wren

Troglodyte de Caroline

M

Troglodytes troglodytes

Winter Wren

Troglodyte mignon

M

Troglodytes aedon

House Wren

Troglodyte familier

N

Polioptila caerulea

Blue-grey Gnatcatcher

Gobemoucheron gris-bleu

O

Poecile atricapillus

Black-capped Chickadee

Mésange à tête noire

R

Poecile hudsonicus

Boreal Chickadee

Mésange à tête brune

M

Baeolophus bicolor

Tufted Titmouse

Mésange bicolore

M

Tachycineta bicolor

Tree Swallow

Hirondelle bicolore

M

Progne subis

Purple Martin

Hirondelle noire

M

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Hirondelle à ailes hérissées

M

Riparia riparia

Sand Martin

Hirondelle de rivage

N

Hirundo rustica

Barn Swallow

Hirondelle rustique

N

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Cliff Swallow

Hirondelle à front blanc

N

Regulus calendula

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Roitelet à couronne rubis

M

Regulus satrapa

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Roitelet à couronne dorée

C

Eremophila alpestris

Horned Lark

Alouette hausse-col

C

Passer domesticus

House Sparrow

Moineau domestique

R

Anthus rubescens

American Pipit

Pipit d'Amérique

M

Carduelis pinus

Pine Siskin

Tarin des pins

R

Carduelis tristis

American Goldfinch

Chardonneret jaune

M

Carduelis flammea

Common Redpoll

Sizerin flammé

M

Carpodacus purpureus

Purple Finch

Roselin pourpré

R

Carpodacus mexicanus

House Finch

Roselin familier

R

Pinicola enucleator

Pine Grosbeak

Durbec des sapins

M

Loxia curvirostra

Red Crossbill

Bec-croisé des sapins

M

Loxia leucoptera

White-winged Crossbill

Bec-croisé bifascié

C

Hesperiphona vespertina

Evening Grosbeak

Gros-bec errant

C

Calcarius lapponicus

Lapland Longspur

Bruant lapon

M

Plectrophenax nivalis

Snow Bunting

Bruant des neiges

M

Passerella iliaca

Fox Sparrow

Bruant fauve

M

Melospiza melodia

Song Sparrow

Bruant chanteur

R

Melospiza lincolnii

Lincoln's Sparrow

Bruant de Lincoln

M

Melospiza georgiana

Swamp Sparrow

Bruant des marais

M

Zonotrichia albicollis

White-throated Sparrow

Bruant à gorge blanche

R

Zonotrichia leucophrys

White-crowned Sparrow

Bruant à couronne blanche

M

Junco hyemalis

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco ardoisé

R

Passerculus sandwichensis

Savannah Sparrow

Bruant des prés

M

Ammodramus leconteii

Le Conte's Sparrow

Bruant de Le Conte

V

Ammodramus savannarum

Grasshopper Sparrow

Bruant sauterelle

V

Spizella arborea

American Tree Sparrow

Bruant hudsonien

M

Spizella passerina

Chipping Sparrow

Bruant familier

M

Spizella pallida

Clay-colored Sparrow

Bruant des plaines

O

Spizella pusilla

Field Sparrow

Bruant des champs

M

Pooecetes gramineus

Vesper Sparrow

Bruant vespéral

M

Vermivora peregrina

Tennessee Warbler

Paruline obscure

M

Vermivora celata

Orange-crowned Warbler

Paruline verdâtre

M

Vermivora ruficapilla

Nashville Warbler

Paruline à joues grises

M

Parula americana

Northern Parula

Paruline à collier

M

Dendroica petechia

Yellow Warbler

Paruline jaune

M

Dendroica pensylvanica

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Paruline à flancs marron

N

Dendroica magnolia

Magnolia Warbler

Paruline à tête cendrée

M

Dendroica tigrina

Cape May Warbler

Paruline tigrée

M

Dendroica caerulescens

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Paruline bleue

M

Dendroica coronata

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Paruline à croupion jaune

M

Dendroica nigrescens

Black-throated Grey Warbler

Paruline grise

O

Dendroica virens

Black-throated Green Warbler

Paruline à gorge noire

M

Dendroica fusca

Blackburnian Warbler

Paruline à gorge orangée

N

Dendroica graciae

Grace's Warbler

Paruline de Grace

M

Dendroica discolor

Prairie Warbler

Paruline des prés

V

Dendroica palmarum

Palm Warbler

Paruline à couronne rousse

M

Dendroica striata

Blackpoll Warbler

Paruline rayée

M

Dendroica cerulea

Cerulean Warbler

Paruline azurée

V

Mniotilta varia

Black-and-white Warbler

Paruline noir et blanc

N

Setophaga ruticilla

American Redstart

Paruline flamboyante

N

Helmitheros vermivorus

Worm-eating Warbler

Paruline vermivore

V

Seiurus aurocapillus

Ovenbird

Paruline couronnée

N

Seiurus noveboracensis

Northern Waterthrush

Paruline des ruisseaux

M

Oporornis formosus

Kentucky Warbler

Paruline du Kentucky

O

Oporornis agilis

Connecticut Warbler

Paruline à gorge grise

V

Oporornis philadelphia

Mourning Warbler

Paruline triste

N

Geothlypis trichas

Common Yellowthroat

Paruline masquée

N

Wilsonia citrina

Hooded Warbler

Paruline à capuchon

V

Wilsonia pusilla

Wilson's Warbler

Paruline à calotte noire

M

Wilsonia canadensis

Canada Warbler

Paruline du Canada

M

Icteria virens

Yellow-breasted Chat

Paruline polyglotte

V

Piranga olivacea

Scarlet Tanager

Tangara écarlate

M

Piranga ludoviciana

Westfern Tanager

Tangara à tête rouge

V

Spiza americana

Dickcissel

Dickcissel d'Amérique

V

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Cardinal à poitrine rose

N

Cardinalis cardinalis

Northern Cardinal

Cardinal rouge

R

Passerina cyanea

Indigo Bunting

Passerin indigo

M

Passerina ciris

Painted Bunting

Passerin nonpareil

V

Icterus galbula

Baltimore Oriole

Oriole du Nord

N

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Carouge à tête jaune

V

Agelaius phoeniceus

Red-winged Blackbird

Carouge à épaulettes

C

Sturnella magna

Eastern Meadowlark

Sturnelle des prés

M

Quiscalus quiscula

Common Grackle

Quiscale bronzé

C

Euphagus carolinus

Rusty Blackbird

Quiscale rouilleux

M

Molothrus ater

Brown-headed Cowbird

Vacher à tête brune

C

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Bobolink

Goglu des prés

N

Falcipennis canadensis

Spruce Grouse

Tétras du Canada

CR

Picoides dorsalis

American Three-toed Woodpecker

M

Phalaropus tricolor

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalarope de Wilson

O

Ardea alba

Great Egret

Grande Aigrette

M

Contopus cooperi

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Moucherolle à côtés olive

M

Catharus bicknelli

Bicknell's Thrush

V


Birds of QUEBEC, a checklist of the birds of QUEBEC. Oiseaux de QUEBEC. The information from BIRDLIST is based on research from from literature, the official national checklists of the birds, information from birdwatchers and extrapolation of our own data. On this checklist of the birds of QUEBEC the presence and abundance of each bird is coded with our standardized system.