NATURE WORLDWIDE: BIRDS

WORLD INSTITUTE FOR CONSERVATION & ENVIRONMENT, WICE

Home Up Birds of Java Birds of Bali Birds of Nusa Tenggara Birds of Sumatra Birds of Kalimantan Birds of Sulawesi Birds of Maluku Birdsof Irian Jaya

BIRDS OF NUSA TENGGARA

(Lesser Sunda Islands)

  Abundance Codes

D

Distribution range deducted from map, not actual record.

P

Present, abundance not determined.

C

Within its range, varying from common to occasional

O

Rare, wandered outside of its normal range but still may be expected from time to time. Between 10 - 100 records.

V

Vagrant, accidental, species far out of its normal distribution range. >10 records.

I

Introduced species.

Q

Not verified.

X

Extinct.

XL

Extinct in country

Status of Permanence Codes

R

Resident, present  year around.

N

Nests in the area but absent during part of the year.

M

Migrant, non-breeding. May spend a short period or the entire winter.

W

Wintering; stays in the area, while its primary nesting range is elsewhere.

E

National endemic.

*

National bird.

How to safe and print a list

 

WICE BIRDLIST

Megapodius reinwardt Orange-footed Scrubfowl
Coturnix ypsilophora Brown Quail
Coturnix adansonii Blue Quail
Gallus gallus Red Junglefowl
Gallus varius Green Junglefowl
Dendrocygna arcuata Wandering Whistling-Duck
Dendrocygna javanica Lesser Whistling-Duck
Tadorna radjah White Headed or Radjah Shelduck
Nettapus pulchellus Green Pygmy-goose
Anas superciliosa Pacific Black Duck
Anas gibberifrons Sunda Teal
Anas querquedula Garganey
Aythya australis Hardhead or Australian Pochard
Turnix maculosa Red-backed Buttonquail
Turnix suscitator Barred Buttonquail
Turnix everetti Sumba Buttonquail
Dendrocopos moluccensis Sunda or Brown-capped Woodpecker
Aceros everetti Sumba Hornbill
Eurystomus orientalis Dollarbird or Common Dollarbird
Alcedo atthis Common Kingfisher
Alcedo meninting Blue-eared Kingfisher
Alcedo coerulescens Small Blue Kingfisher
Ceyx erithacus Black-backed Kingfisher
Pelargopsis capensis Stork-billed Kingfisher
Todirhamphus macleayii Forest Kingfisher
Todirhamphus chloris Collared Kingfisher
Todirhamphus australasia Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher
Todirhamphus sanctus Sacred Kingfisher
Caridonax fulgidus White-rumped Kingfisher
Merops philippinus Blue-tailed Bee-eater
Merops ornatus Rainbow Bee-eater
Cuculus saturatus Oriental Cuckoo
Cuculus pallidus Pallid Cuckoo
Cacomantis sepulcralis Rusty-breasted Cuckoo
Cacomantis variolosus Brush Cuckoo
Chrysococcyx russatus Gould's Bronze-Cuckoo
Chrysococcyx lucidus Shining Bronze-Cuckoo
Chrysococcyx basalis Horsfield's Bronze-Cuckoo
Eudynamys scolopacea Asian Koel
Eudynamys cyanocephala Australian Koel
Scythrops novaehollandiae Channel-billed Cuckoo
Centropus phasianinus Pheasant Coucal
Centropus bengalensis Lesser Coucal
Eos reticulata Blue-streaked Lory
Trichoglossus haematodus Rainbow Lorikeet
Trichoglossus euteles Olive-headed Lorikeet
Psitteuteles iris Iris Lorikeet
Cacatua sulphurea Yellow-crested Cockatoo
Geoffroyus geoffroyi Red-cheeked Parrot
Tanygnathus megalorynchos Great-billed Parrot
Eclectus roratus Eclectus Parrot
Aprosmictus jonquillaceus Olive-shouldered Parrot
Loriculus flosculus Wallace's Hanging-Parrot
Collocalia esculenta Glossy or White Bellied Swiflet Swiftlet
Collocalia fuciphaga Edible-nest Swiftlet
Hirundapus caudacutus White-throated Needletail
Cypsiurus balasiensis Asian Palm-Swift
Apus pacificus Fork-tailed Swift
Apus affinis Little Swift
Hemiprocne longipennis Grey-rumped Treeswift
Tyto sororcula Lesser Masked-Owl
Tyto alba Barn Owl
Tyto capensis African Grass-Owl or Eastern Grass-Owl
Otus magicus Moluccan Scops-Owl
Otus silvicola Wallace's Scops-Owl
Ninox rudolfi Sumba Boobook
Ninox novaeseelandiae Morepork
Ninox scutulata Brown Boobook or Hawk-Owl
Ninox squamipila Moluccan Hawk-Owl
Caprimulgus macrurus Large-tailed Nightjar
Caprimulgus affinis Savanna Nightjar
Columba livia Rock Pigeon
Columba vitiensis Metallic Pigeon
Streptopelia chinensis Spotted Dove
Macropygia unchall Barred Cuckoo-Dove
Macropygia amboinensis Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove
Macropygia ruficeps Little Cuckoo-Dove
Turacoena modesta Timor Black Pigeon or Black Cuckoo-Dove
Chalcophaps indica Emerald Dove
Geopelia striata Zebra Dove
Geopelia maugeus Barred Dove
Caloenas nicobarica Nicobar Pigeon
Gallicolumba hoedtii Wetar Ground-Dove
Treron vernans Pink-necked Green-Pigeon
Treron floris Flores Green-Pigeon
Treron teysmannii Sumba Green-Pigeon
Treron psittacea Timor Green-Pigeon
Treron sphenura Wedge-tailed Green-Pigeon or Pigeon
Ptilinopus cinctus Black-backed Fruit-Dove
Ptilinopus dohertyi Red-naped Fruit-Dove
Ptilinopus wallacii Wallace's Fruit-Dove
Ptilinopus regina Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove
Ptilinopus melanospila Black-naped Fruit-Dove
Ducula aenea Green Imperial-Pigeon
Ducula rosacea Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon
Ducula lacernulata Dark-backed Imperial-Pigeon
Ducula cineracea Timor Imperial-Pigeon
Ducula bicolor Pied Imperial-Pigeon
Rallina tricolor Red-necked Crake
Rallina fasciata Red-legged Crake
Gallirallus philippensis Buff-banded Rail
Gallirallus striatus Slaty-breasted Rail
Lewinia pectoralis Lewin's Rail
Amaurornis phoenicurus White-breasted Waterhen
Porzana parva Little Crake
Porzana cinerea White-browed Crake
Gallicrex cinerea Watercock
Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen
Gallinula tenebrosa Dusky Moorhen
Fulica atra Common Coot
Gallinago stenura Pintail Snipe
Gallinago megala Swinhoe's Snipe
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit
Numenius minutus Little Curlew
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew
Numenius madagascariensis Far Eastern Curlew
Tringa totanus Common Redshank
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper
Tringa cinerea Terek Sandpiper
Tringa hypoleucos Common Sandpiper
Tringa brevipes Grey-tailed Tattler
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone
Limnodromus semipalmatus Asian Dowitcher
Calidris tenuirostris Great Knot
Calidris canutus Red Knot
Calidris alba Sanderling
Calidris ruficollis Rufous- or Red-necked Stint
Calidris subminuta Long-toed Stint
Calidris acuminata Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper
Limicola falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope
Rostratula benghalensis Greater Painted-snipe
Irediparra gallinacea Comb-crested Jacana
Burhinus giganteus Beach Thick-knee
Himantopus leucocephalus White-headed Stilt
Pluvialis fulva Pacific Golden-Plover
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover
Charadrius dubius Little Ringed Plover
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover
Charadrius ruficapillus Red-capped Plover
Charadrius peronii Malaysian Plover
Charadrius mongolus Mongolian Plover
Charadrius leschenaultii Greater Sand Plover
Charadrius veredus Oriental Plover
Glareola maldivarum Oriental Pratincole
Stiltia isabella Australian Pratincole
Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger
Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic or Artic Jaeger
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger
Gelochelidon nilotica Gull-billed Tern
Sterna caspia Caspian Tern
Sterna bengalensis Lesser Crested-Tern
Sterna bergii Great Crested-Tern
Sterna sumatrana Black-naped Tern
Sterna hirundo Common Tern
Sterna saundersii Saunders's Tern
Sterna fuscata Sooty Tern
Chlidonias hybridus Whiskered Tern
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern
Anous stolidus Brown Noddy
Gygis alba Common White-Tern
Pandion haliaetus Osprey
Aviceda subcristata Pacific Baza
Pernis ptilorhyncus Oriental Honey-buzzard
Elanus caeruleus Black-winged / Black-Shouldered Kite
Milvus migrans Black Kite
Haliastur indus Brahminy Kite
Haliaeetus leucogaster White-bellied Fish- / Sea-Eagle
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-Eagle or Short-toed-Eagle
Circus assimilis Spotted Harrier
Accipiter soloensis Chinese Goshawk or Sparrowhawk
Accipiter novaehollandiae Grey Goshawk
Accipiter fasciatus Brown Goshawk
Accipiter gularis Japanese Sparrowhawk
Accipiter virgatus Besra
Butastur indicus Grey-faced Buzzard
Hieraaetus fasciatus Bonelli's Eagle
Spizaetus cirrhatus Changeable Hawk-Eagle
Falco moluccensis Spotted Kestrel
Falco cenchroides Australian Kestrel
Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby
Falco severus Oriental Hobby
Falco longipennis Australian Hobby
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon
Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe
Tachybaptus novaehollandiae Australasian Grebe
Phaethon rubricauda Red-tailed Tropicbird
Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird
Sula dactylatra Masked Booby
Sula sula Red-footed Booby
Sula leucogaster Brown Booby
Anhinga melanogaster Oriental Darter / Darter
Phalacrocorax melanoleucos Little Pied Cormorant
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris Little Black Cormorant
Egretta novaehollandiae White-faced Heron
Egretta garzetta Little Egret
Egretta sacra Pacific Reef-Egret
Ardea cinerea Grey Heron
Ardea sumatrana Great-billed Heron
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron
Casmerodius albus Great Egret
Mesophoyx intermedia Intermediate Egret
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret
Ardeola speciosa Javan Pond-Heron
Butorides striatus Striated / Little Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron
Nycticorax caledonicus Rufous Night-Heron
Ixobrychus sinensis Yellow Bittern
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus Cinnamon Bittern
Dupetor flavicollis Black Bittern
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis
Platalea regia Royal Spoonbill
Pelecanus conspicillatus Australian Pelican
Mycteria cinerea Milky Stork
Ciconia episcopus Woolly-necked Stork
Fregata minor Great Frigatebird
Fregata ariel Lesser Frigatebird
Fregata andrewsi Christmas Island Frigatebird
Pterodroma rostrata Tahiti Petrel
Bulweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel
Calonectris leucomelas Streaked Shearwater
Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Oceanites oceanicus Wilson's Storm-Petrel
Pelagodroma marina White-faced Storm-Petrel
Oceanodroma matsudairae Matsudaira's Storm-Petrel
Pitta elegans Elegant Pitta
Myzomela dammermani Sumba Myzomela
Myzomela erythromelas Black-bellied Myzomela
Glycichaera fallax Green-backed Honeyeater
Lichmera limbata Indonesian Honeyeater
Lichmera monticola Seram Honeyeater
Meliphaga albilineata White-lined Honeyeater
Philemon meyeri Meyer's Friarbird
Philemon subcorniculatus Grey-necked Friarbird
Gerygone tenebrosa Dusky Gerygone
Gerygone sulphurea Golden-bellied Gerygone
Lanius isabellinus Rufous-tailed Shrike
Lanius vittatus Bay-backed Shrike
Pachycephala inornata Gilbert's Whistler
Pachycephala simplex Brown Whistler
Pachycephala orpheus Fawn-breasted Whistler
Pachycephala schlegelii Regent Whistler
Corvus moneduloides New Caledonian Crow
Corvus unicolor Banggai Crow
Corvus corone Carrion Crow
Artamus fuscus Ashy Woodswallow
Artamus superciliosus White-browed Woodswallow
Peltops montanus Mountain Peltops
Oriolus auratus African Golden-Oriole
Sphecotheres hypoleucus Wetar Figbird
Coracina schistacea Slaty Cuckooshrike
Coracina caledonica Melanesian Cuckooshrike
Coracina coerulescens Blackish Cuckooshrike
Coracina tenuirostris Slender-billed or Common Cicadabird
Lalage leucopygialis White-rumped or Sulawesi Triller
Pericrocotus igneus Fiery Minivet
Pericrocotus miniatus Sunda Minivet
Rhipidura aureola White-browed Fantail
Rhipidura leucophrys Willie-wagtail
Rhipidura diluta Brown-capped Fantail
Rhipidura kubaryi Pohnpei Fantail
Dicrurus macrocercus Black Drongo
Dicrurus montanus Sulawesi Drongo
Hypothymis coelestis Celestial Monarch
Terpsiphone bourbonnensis Mascarene Paradise-Flycatcher
Monarcha rubiensis Rufous Monarch
Monarcha mundus Black-bibbed Monarch
Monarcha trivirgatus Spectacled Monarch
Myiagra azureocapilla Blue-crested Flycatcher
Machaerirhynchus nigripectus Black-breasted Boatbill
Zoothera dumasi Moluccan Thrush
Zoothera erythronota Red-backed Thrush
Zoothera cinerea Ashy Thrush
Zoothera spiloptera Spot-winged Thrush
Zoothera dixoni Long-tailed Thrush
Turdus merula Eurasian Blackbird
Turdus feae Grey-sided Thrush
Brachypteryx major White-bellied Shortwing
Brachypteryx leucophrys Lesser Shortwing
Rhinomyias addita Streaky-breasted Jungle-Flycatcher
Muscicapa gambagae Gambaga Flycatcher
Muscicapa sibirica Dark-sided Flycatcher
Muscicapa randi Ashy-breasted Flycatcher
Ficedula solitaris Rufous-browed Flycatcher
Ficedula hyperythra Snowy-browed Flycatcher
Ficedula henrici Damar Flycatcher
Ficedula bonthaina Lompobattang Flycatcher
Ficedula nigrorufa Black-and-rufous Flycatcher
Cyornis hoevelli Blue-fronted Flycatcher
Muscicapella hodgsoni Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher
Saxicola leucura White-tailed Stonechat
Saxicola ferrea Grey Bushchat
Aplonis mysolensis Moluccan Starling
Aplonis panayensis Asian Glossy Starling
Sturnus burmannicus Vinous-breasted Starling
Acridotheres grandis White-vented Myna
Gracula ptilogenys Sri Lanka or Ceylon Myna
Parus afer Grey Tit
Hirundo concolor Dusky Crag-Martin
Hirundo domicola Hill Swallow
Hirundo domicella West African Swallow
Hirundo striolata Striated Swallow
Hirundo rufocollaris Chestnut-collared Swallow
Hirundo fluvicola Streak-throated Swallow
Pycnonotus luteolus White-browed Bulbul
Cisticola incanus Socotra Cisticola
Cisticola ayresii Wing-snapping Cisticola
Zosterops erythropleurus Chestnut-flanked White-eye
Zosterops nigrorum Golden-yellow White-eye
Zosterops flavus Javan White-eye
Zosterops chloris Lemon-bellied White-eye
Zosterops anomalus Lemon-throated White-eye
Lophozosterops goodfellowi Black-masked White-eye
Lophozosterops pinaiae Grey-hooded White-eye
Oculocincta squamifrons Pygmy White-eye
Heleia crassirostris Thick-billed White-eye
Tesia superciliaris Javan Tesia
Tesia everetti Russet-capped Tesia
Cettia fortipes Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler
Bradypterus luteoventris Brown Bush-Warbler
Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed-Warbler
Orthotomus moreaui Long-billed Tailorbird
Orthotomus ruficeps Ashy Tailorbird
Phylloscopus inornatus Inornate Warbler or Yellow-Browed Warbler
Phylloscopus cebuensis Lemon-throated Leaf-Warbler
Phylloscopus sarasinorum Sulawesi Leaf-Warbler
Seicercus castaniceps Chestnut-crowned Warbler
Megalurus pryeri Marsh Grassbird
Eremiornis carteri Spinifex-bird
Pnoepyga immaculata Nepal Wren-Babbler
Mirafra cantillans Singing Lark or singing Bushlark
Prionochilus thoracicus Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker
Dicaeum annae Golden-rumped Flowerpecker
Dicaeum tristrami Mottled Flowerpecker
Dicaeum igniferum Black-fronted Flowerpecker
Dicaeum celebicum Grey-sided Flowerpecker
Dicaeum sanguinolentum Blood-breasted Flowerpecker
Dicaeum cruentatum Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker
Anthreptes simplex Plain Sunbird
Nectarinia calcostetha Copper-throated Sunbird
Nectarinia jugularis Olive-backed Sunbird
Nectarinia buettikoferi Apricot-breasted Sunbird
Passer simplex Desert Sparrow
Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail
Motacilla flava Yellow Wagtail
Anthus rufulus Paddyfield Pipit
Anthus hodgsoni Olive-backed Pipit
Estrilda charmosyna Red-rumped Waxbill
Neochmia modesta Plum-headed Finch
Poephila cincta Black-throated Finch
Erythrura viridifacies Green-faced Parrotfinch
Lonchura striata White-rumped Munia
Lonchura fuscans Dusky Munia
Lonchura kelaarti Black-throated Munia
Lonchura ferruginosa White-capped Munia
Lonchura maja White-headed Munia
Heteromunia pectoralis Pictorella Munia
Padda oryzivora Java Sparrow
Acrocephalus orientalis Oriental Reed-Warbler